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University of Karachi M.A. Economics (Previous) External Past Paper of Public Finance Annual Examination 1997 to 1999

University of Karachi M.A. Economics (Previous) External Past Paper of Public Finance   Annual Examination 1997 to 1999

Annual Examination 1997

Time allowed: 3 hours                                                                                Maximum Marks: 100

1)      Attempt any five questions.

2)      All questions carry equal marks.

  1. Why do economies fail to attain a Pareto Optimum Allocation of Resources?  In what way can government intervention help the economies move towards a PARETO OPTIMALITY?
  1. State and explain the important SOURCES OF REVENUE OF THE GOVERNMENT OF PAKISTAN.  Suggest new sources of revenue which government should tap to meet its growing needs.
  1. Explain with the help of diagram how can individual choice between work and leisure be altered by IMPOSITION OF INCOME TAX.
  1. Explain the economic IMPLICATIONS OF THE INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL DEBT in a developing country like Pakistan.
  1. Explain with the help of LAFFER CURVE, how lowering of tax rates will estimate incentive to work, save and invest, resulting in substantial expansion of national output and income?
  1. Define INCIDENCE OF TAX, and explain how the ability of the sellers to shift and ability of buyers to avoid incidence of tax depends upon price elasticity of supply and demand respectively?
  1. Explain the basic causes of alarming increase in the BUDGET DEFICIT IN PAKISTAN.  Suggest suitable remedial measure.
  1. How can FISCAL POLICY alter different components of aggregate demand to accomplish the goal of full employment level of output?
  1. Explain the allocation and distribution objectives of BUDGET POLICY.
  1. Write short notes on any two of the following:

(a)    Public versus Private finance,

(b)   Causes of the growth of public sector expenditure in Pakistan,

(c)    Costs and benefits analysis,

(d)   Merit goods.

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Annual Examination 1998

  1. Differentiate between PUBLIC FINANCE AND PRIVATE FINANCE.
  1. Taxation is a SOURCE OF FINANCING GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURE is more suitable than Borrowings.  Discuss with special reference to Pakistan.
  1. What FACTORS CAUSES THE GROWTH IN PUBLIC EXPENDITURE in an economy? Discuss.
  1. PRIVATISATION, DEREGULATION AND USER CHARGES are being considered as alternative sources of financing development expenditure.  Critically examine these policies.
  1. How do GOVERNMENT EVALUATE PUBLIC PROJECTS?  Discuss in the light of COST-BENEFIT ANALYSIS.
  1. How far does the INCOME TAX justify the principle of equal treatment of equals?
  1. Critically evaluate the role of FOREIGN AID IN THE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF PAKISTAN.
  1. Explain the salient features of an effective FISCAL POLICY.
  1. Write short notes on any two of the following:

(a)    Sources of Financing KMC,

(b)   Budget 1999-2000, a review,

(c)    Pareto Efficiency.

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Annual Examination 1999

  1. What are the problems, which confront an economy working for attaining Pareto Optimum Allocation of Resources?  How can government intervention help to achieve PARETO OPTIMUM?
  1. Discuss merits and demerits of at least three methods of PUBLIC SECTOR PROJECT EVALUATION.  Which in your opinion is superior method
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